Server - nginx 基本配置

安装

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apt install nginx

安装完成后配置文件在 /etc/nginx/conf.d/

配置

安全配置:访问限制

修改后可以阻止ip和未配置的域名访问主机

/etc/nginx/conf.d/
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vi default.conf
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# 修改 server_name ;添加 return 500
server_name _;
return 500;

配置多域名

以 tomcat 为例

/etc/nginx/conf.d/
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vi tomcat.conf
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server {
listen 80;
server_name xx.cn; # 填入绑定的域名
#charset koi8-r;
#access_log logs/host.access.log main;
# Load configuration files for the default server block.
include /etc/nginx/default.d/*.conf;
location / {
root /usr/share/nginx/html;
index index.html index.htm;
proxy_pass http://localhost:8080; # 转发到本机的 8080 端口
}
error_page 404 /404.html;
location = /404.html {
root /usr/share/nginx/html;
}
# redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
#
error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;
location = /50x.html {
root /usr/share/nginx/html;
}
# proxy the PHP scripts to Apache listening on 127.0.0.1:80
#
#location ~ \.php$ {
# proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1;
#}
# pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
#
#location ~ \.php$ {
# root html;
# fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
# fastcgi_index index.php;
# fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME /scripts$fastcgi_script_name;
# include fastcgi_params;
#}
# deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root
# concurs with nginx's one
#
#location ~ /\.ht {
# deny all;
#}
}

管理

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# 改了配置都重新载入
nginx -s reload
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